6 types of Contraception Methods/ Family planning- Which one is the best?


Contraceptive means the method or the device used to control the pregnancy especially the unwanted pregnancy. Do you know what are the types of contraception methods available or most commonly used?? Also How to decide which is the best contraception method among them?

65% of pregnancy in India are unintended/ unplanned? Krishna, my maid is a mother of 5 kids, three girl & two boys. She is only 32 and again pregnant with her 6th child. As per her, she was not aware of this pregnancy and it’s simply a mistake/ unwanted pregnancy like her last two pregnancies. I asked her to go for contraception/ family planning methods but she said she is scared to use them.

Yes!! that’s the biggest problem in India, females are not scared of unwanted pregnancy or giving birth to the number of children, one after another but scared of using contraception methods. There are some misconceptions associated with the family planning methods, which make them scared of using them.

Lets first talk about the contraceptive methods which are available and can be easily used. In this post, we will also discuss the pros and cons of the available contraceptive methods and which one can be preferred.

Also read: Items to prevent while planning for a Healthy Body.

                               <strong> 1. Multiload or IUD or Copper T</strong>

Multiload is a known IUD or intrauterine device which usually helps in contraception. Multiload is a device normally placed in the uterus where it slowly releases the hormone in order to prevent pregnancy. It is the easiest and the cheapest way to prevent unwanted pregnancy.

Who cannot use Multiload or IUD or Copper T?
If a woman is suffering from the pelvic infection, or abnormal vaginal bleeding, or are known to have a history of breast cancer; they should not use Multiload. If anyone is diabetic, then she must consult the doctor before using Multiload.

Disadvantages of Using Copper T:
1. Multiload can cause complications in the beginning. Lower abdominal cramps or pains, increase the flow of blood are few problems that may occur once it gets fitted but these usually get better quickly.
2. Infections of the sex organs or urinary tract.
3. Breakage.
4. A shifting IUD or copper T. The chances are very less but do happens in about 2% of a woman using Multiload.

Benefits of Using Copper T:
1. More than 99% effective in preventing pregnancy.
2. Most cost-effective method of birth control over time
3. Easy to use
4. Does not require interruption of foreplay or intercourse
5. Safe to use while breastfeeding
6. Can be removed whenever you have problems or want to stop using it. Fertility returns with the first ovulation cycle following IUD/Copper T removal.
7. Can be inserted after a normal vaginal delivery, a cesarean section, or a first-trimester abortion

Useful information:
IUD/ Copper T/ MultiLoad can be inserted only on 4th or 5th day of the period after proper consultation with the gynecologist.

My Take: I am using Multiload since last few months after the consultation with my doctor. For the initial few months, I felt the heavy flow during periods, longer periods, cramps but the situation is getting better and back to normal with each passing month. Though in starting I felt as if gained weight due to this but my gynae rejected it saying a baseless point. And moreover, I find it convenient too.

                                               <strong>2. Condoms:  </strong>

People may call it the balloon or “C” in the code word. A condom is a sheath-shaped barrier device, used during sexual intercourse to reduce the probability of pregnancy or a sexually transmitted infection. There are both male and female condoms. But In India, condoms means Male condoms only.

Who cannot use Condoms?
People who are allergic to latex, may not be able to use it.

Disadvantages of Using Condoms:
Having it handy every time you are going for the skin to skin genital contact.
In order for condoms to be effective, you have to use a new one correctly every single time you have sex.
There are a variety of condoms and you need to go to trial and error to find out the best one for you and your partner.
The lubricant is must if you are using condoms

Benefits of Using Condoms:
Condoms are the only way to protect yourself and your partner from STDs during sex. So no matter what type of birth control you use, condoms are always a good idea.

Useful information:
Always keep a handy supply of condoms before going for the sex.

My Take:
For more than 8 years after marriage, we used to have Condoms. They are the best medium to prevent unprotected sex but needs a lot of cautious. They are the safest and clean method. Go for it if you are doing once in a while and can keep it handy everytime you get high:P.

                                         <strong> 3. Injections</strong>

The birth control shot. The birth control shot, Depo-Provera, is a hormonal injection that prevents unplanned pregnancy for three months at a time. The hormone in this shot is progestin. … To ensure optimal effectiveness, women should get the shot every three months as directed.

Who cannot use Injections?
Someone having the history of miscarriage and finding it difficult to get pregnant.
It is highly unrecommended to those who want to get pregnant in near future.

Disadvantages of Using Birth Control Shots:
You have to be regular with the dose after a certain
Using the birth control injections for more years can cause infertility, which may not be fully reversible after stopping the medicine.
Often causes irregular spotting
Causes slight weight gain
Fertility may not return for 6 to 8 months after stopping the medicine.
May decrease levels of HDL (“good”) cholesterol
Provides no protection against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)

Benefits of Using Injections/ birth control shots:
Can be used after a miscarriage or an abortion
Reduces cramps and pain at ovulation
Can be used while breastfeeding.

Useful information:
Though you would be seen many advertisements recommending these birth control shots but still many gynae rejects using it due to side effects.

My Take:
I am not very much in favor of this birth control injections. I have heard many cases, where the woman wants to get pregnant but could because of side or after effects of these injections. As per me, an injection which can bring hormonal changes in your body can also lead to many problems.

                                          <strong>4. Tubal ligation: </strong>

Tubal ligation is one of the permanent birth control methods. The procedure can be done any time, including in the hospital right after you have a baby. The doctor makes a small cut in your abdomen and seals off both of your Fallopian tubes by cutting, typing, banding or clamping them so your partner’s sperm can’t meet up with your eggs.

Who cannot use Tubal ligation?
If having babies is on your mind or want to have them in near furture it is not meant for you at all.

Disadvantages of Tubal ligation:
The biggest disadvantage of tubal ligation if you cant think of having the baby again. It lasts forever. It is permanent and costly as well. The recovery time and cost involved is comparatively higher than other birth control methods.

Benefits of Using Tubal Ligation:
Tubal ligation hardly affects your hormones. Increase in weight may be the only consequence of this but that can also be controlled with proper diet and regime. Also, there are hardly any chances of it getting failed. It is permanent and lasts forever.

Useful information:
Tubal Ligation can be done anytime but since its a kind of small operation, rest involved is higher.

My Take:
My mom after having me, means the fourth kid got it done. Moreover, One of my known who had 3 kids has got it done. I hardly heard them complaining of any medical issues. Nevertheless, it involves a determined mind and family support to go through this.

                                    <strong>5. Male vasectomy</strong>

Vasectomy is a surgical procedure for male sterilization or permanent contraception. During the procedure, the male vas deferens are cut and tied or sealed so as to prevent sperm from entering into the urethra and thereby prevent fertilization.

Who cannot use Male vasectomy?
In the male dominant society where men are thought to be more strong than the woman, Male vasectomy is seen with down eyes. For many, it is challenging the masculinity of the men.

Disadvantages of Using Male vasectomy
Doesn’t protects against sexually transmitted diseases. More complications include swelling, bruising, inflammation, and infection.

Benefits of Using Male vasectomy
It is 100% effective and you can enjoy the sex as before without being afraid of unwanted pregnancy. It is cost effective and free in some government hospitals too. It can be reversed if want to get pregnant.

Useful information:
Reversing a vasectomy isn’t easy and doesn’t always work. So you shouldn’t get the procedure unless you’re sure you won’t want to be able to get a woman pregnant in your future.

My Take: In India, Male vasectomy is thought to be a challenge to masculinity. Only a few modern men will understand it and confirm going for this. Still, it is not the best method for stopping unwanted pregnancy.

                                       <strong>  6. Birth Control Pills:</strong>

The combined oral contraceptive pill often referred to as the birth control pill or colloquially as “the pill”, is a type of birth control that is designed to be taken orally by women.

Who cannot use Birth Control Pills?
Woman with history of uterus infection or complications is hardly recommended to use birth control pills. Especially women who are overweight, have high blood pressure or are on bed rest for longer periods. They can cause the severe damage to the woman reproduction system if taken without the consultation of the gynecologist.

Disadvantages of Using Birth Control Pills:
decreased sex drive
bleeding between periods
breast tenderness

Benefits of Using Birth Control Pills:
It is one of the easily available and easy to take. You can take them within 72hours of unprotected sex for the better results.

Useful information:
Birth control pills are two kinds- one which can be taken after unprotected sex, and the other one can take on the regular basis to stop unwanted pregnancy. Both the ways, these pills directly affect the hormones in the woman.

My Take: No one should use it until and unless it is very urgent. They not only harm your body but also cause hormonal disbalance and infertility.